Lalloo Laughs

Is  it true that Lalloo and his friends laughed on hearing the news of president of Peru committing suicide over a trivial matter.

Facing arrest for indulging in bribery.


Former Peruvian President Alan García has died after shooting himself as police arrived at his home to arrest him over bribery allegations.

Mr García was rushed to hospital in the capital, Lima. His death was confirmed by current President Martín Vizcarra.

A crowd of supporters gathered outside the hospital building, and were held back by a line of police officers.

Mr García was accused of taking bribes from Brazilian construction company Odebrecht – claims he denied.

Mr García served as president from 1985 to 1990 and again from 2006 to

Return of Commander Jhadav from Pakistani Custody

    I have given a brief Reply already to question on IJC and Indian diplomacy. #

India has consistently maintained that Commander Jhadav is not in anyway connected with any espionage agency, and has been kidnapped by Pakistan from Iran. Pakistan has for purely propaganda purposes branded him as a spy, subjected him to torture, and had an illegitimate and unlawful order passed for his execution. India then upstaged Pakistan by taking up the issue in the IJC, and in 2017 got an order restraining Pakistan from executing Commander Jhadav.

At present Jhadav is still in Pakistani custody.

In such cases,

  1. Pakistan can hold him as long as possible, even after finalisation of the case in IJC, and release him as a ‘good will measure’ at some future date to extract maximum propaganda mileage ( Wg Cdr Abhinandan affair).

2. Swap or exchange him for one or more Pakistani spies / terrorists in Indian custody.

3. Keep Jhadav indefinitely in custody.

4. Execute officially.

5. Allow Jhadav to die ‘accidentally’ , or due to denial of medical attention.

Regarding When will Commander Jhadav be returned to India, based on prior international incidents involving alleged and real spies, the possibilities appear to indicate a return of Commander Jhadav, though it is difficult state when. &&

In view of the publicity received in this case, Pakistan may hesitate to execute or do away with Commander Jhadav. However his continuous custody will be reflected as a weakness of the Indian government, viewed positively by Pakistani populace, a great plus point for Pakistani state run by the Pakistani army,

Pakistan will hold him as a trump card in every discussion on any matter with India.

It will be upto Indian government and its agencies to bring pressure on Pakistan to release Commander Jhadav. Surely Government of India and its agencies must be working hard, through different channels in their own way, to obtain his release.

Once he is released he may return back to his civil life in India, as a normal citizen. May even get some compensatory grant from the government.

All in all, it is the first time that the Indian government has taken so much effort for an Indian citizen in Pakistani custody. A great move forward. considering how the earlier governments have left more than 50 POWS from as far back as 1971, languishing in Pakistani prison.

#.      Finally, International Court of Justice stayed the execution of            Kulbhushan Yadav. How do you see this decision? Is it another              feather in India’s diplomacy?

&&.    Spy swap: US and Russia hand over agents in full media glare

What is the possible outcome of USA against Pakistan for using its F-16 aircraft to attack Indian army base


This was in reply to a Query on Quora
Ramakrishnan C M, Colonel, Indian Army, retd, BSc, PGDM, MA(Political Science)


Nothing much.

Pakistan has been using weapons and wepons systems supplied by USA directly or through its NATO / CENTO/ Middle East allies regularly since 1965. It has done so openly and in flagrant breach of limitations agreements with supplier nations. Dozens of Patton Tanks displayed in Indian cantonements are those that Pakistani IST Armoured Division lost in its battle of ASA, Uttar in September 1965.

Subsequently Pakistan has utilised weapons systems, aircraft, ships and even submarines in its repeated misadventures against India.*

A major concern of USA is the fact that a low technology fighter like mig 21 could down one of its sophisticated aircraft, thereby reducing its aura of superiority and invincibility, compared to other fighters in the international markets.

Another concern would be the availability of F16 systems for evaluation by experts from Russia or India . This does not appear possible since there has been no information on any complete system having been retrieved from the wreckage site, which anyhow was in Pakistan only.

Pakistan has been admistered a slight slap on the hand now and then by USA, like when their demand for F 16 was reduced from 60 to 14, and Pakistan was made to pay for them. Pressler Amendments, Symington Amendments, have all been superseded through presidential certificates, even on nuclear proliferation by Pakistan.

Pakistan has through its projection as a frontline state against Communism in general (from 1948), and againstRussians in Afghanistan became the blue eyed boy in Asia. It has developed excellent rapport in Pentagon, State department and among prominent members of its political parties. Its China card is gathering weightage enough to rattle the policy makers in USA. Add to it the role USA is expecting Pakistan to play in the ongoing talks with Afghan Taliban, to enable a face saving exit of its troops.

Rhetorics apart nothing much can be expected on the utilisation of F16 against India now or in near future.

*US arms Pakistan with 14 combat aircrafts, 59 trainer jets, 374 armoured carriers

India had in the past have opposed the transfer of such arms to Pakistan as it believes Islamabad would eventually use the fighter jets against it

When Will China Stop Supporting Pakistan


Ramakrishnan C M
Ramakrishnan C M, Colonel, Indian Army, retd, BSc, PGDM, MA(Political Science)


       China’s relationship with Pakistan has provided it with good dividends over decades and there is no reason at present that China should let go of its South western neighbour.

      Sergey Lavrov’s ‘Post – West world order’ is In its early nascent state, with China as the major player in Asia; with Eurasia and maybe the world to follow. China has had decisive leadership over the last three decades, and has honed its abilities to grab strategic opportunities to consolidate its position economically and militarily. China’s relationship with Pakistan should be viewed with its geography, trade and hegemonic ambitions in mind.

    China’s relationship with Pakistan has provided it with good dividends over decades and there is no reason at present that China should let go of its Southwestern neighbour.

Some of the major advantages of China’s support of Pakistan are:

CPEC Route Gwadar: #

CPEC Route Gwadar: The difference between CPEC Eastern route and CPEC Western Route

#(CPEC Bulletin)

  1. Chinese access to the blue waters of the Arabian Sea, from the Port of Gawdar in Baluchistan will enable domination of the Arabian Sea with its expanding spread of naval bases. Port of Gawdor will enable transhipment and passage of crude oil and petroleum products utilising the CPEC highways under construction. This will eliminate the Malacca funnels and choke points on the shipping routes from Middle East to Eastern shores of China. (Expected to save upto 10 days in transit time)

2. China is investing heavily in the CPEC, estimates varying from  42 billions to 62 billions. This will enable Chinese infrastructure behemoths to move to Pakistan and set up manufacturing plants and move finished products to and from Pakistan. If Pakistan can manage the inputs  judiciously, it can benefit greatly from CPEC.

3. “So far, China insists that CPEC has purely economic aims, while Pakistanis continue to assume it is a strategic project that would enhance the country’s security.”*

4.Minerals of Baluchistan are an additional attraction for The Chinese.

5. Afghanistan is an area where the Chinese are keen to move in, Afghanistan has an abundance  of mineral wealth also. However even though Chinese may not be comfortable with the Taliban, they expect that with Pakistan on its side Taliban will be pliable, after all Pakistan has been fully supportive of Afgan Taliban in its attempt to overthrow the lawfully elected Afgan government.

6. China’s efforts to silence the Muslim Uygurs, by various means including concentration camps and ‘education ‘ has been condemned universally by all countries except Pakistan. China expects that Pakistan will not take up the issues of Muslims in China and keep control of its homegrown terrorist organisations like, JeM, etc.

7. China is only too happy that Indian security forces are kept busy by Pakistan on its western borders. Pakistan gets its military equipment almost free from USA, as also billions in aid. India has to pay for every single  item of defence purchase. India’s resources are limited and instead of infrastructure and welfare projects, India is compelled to divert scarce resources to defence equipment. Under these circumstances India will be at least 20 years behind China in every aspect, economic or military.

The above are some of the issues that will continue to consolidate Chinese Pakistani relationship. So there is no reason for China to stop supporting Pakistan.


  • Anhui Construction Engineering Group.
  • Anhui Foreign Economic Construction Group.
  • Beijing Construction Engineering Group.
  • CDIG.
  • CEIEC.
  • CGCOC Group.
  • Chalieco.
  • China Communications Construction (China Harbour Engineering, China Road and Bridge Corporation, Zhenhua)
  • * Reimagining Pakistan by Hussain Haqqani

**China, the largest trade partner of Pakistan, has further increased its exports to $11.458bn; an increase of $1.381bn compared to FY17. However, exports to China increased by just $120 million to $1.744bn, creating a trade gap of $9.7bn which accounts for over 30 per cent of the overall trade deficit of the country. (

Do Taliban belong to Afghanistan or Pakistan? What does Taliban mean and what do they want?

“The word Taliban comes from tālib, “student” in Arabic”.

Under Zia Ul Haq, the then president of Pakistan, a number of madarssas  were opened to cater for fighters to take on the Army of USSR which had moved in to Afghanistan. USA was very Keen to ensure that Russians lose their war in Afghanistan and lose face around the world. USA and Saudi Arabia funded Pakistan and also provided heavy weapons including Stinger missiles for use against Russian aircraft.

      Hundreds of uneducated and unemployed Pashtun youth were brainwashed in these  Madarassas with extreme fanatical Islamic views and let loose inAfganistan. Pashtuns form the majority of Fighters in Taliban, though there are Turkmens, Tajiks, Uzbeks and even a few Hazaras.

Afganistan has over ten ethnic groups. It is a land that has never allowed any external force to dominate for any length of time. Tribal loyalties are on the top of the cultural scale followed by Islam. A Central government in Kabul  has limited say in how things are governed in the urban areas,  and  almost none in the hinterlands.

Consequent to the Russian army pulling out, Taliban took over the country and established a government. Pakistan was the first to recognise Taliban government and persuaded Saudi Arabia to follow suit. Pakistan assumed that Taliban government would be a puppet, working under its directions. But the Afgan Taliban, even though funded trained and supported by Pakistan proved difficult to handle.

Taliban giving protection to members of Al Qaida, Osama bin Laden, subsequent US intervention and displacement of Taliban are a part of history. Under attack by US forces Taliban moved to Pakistan where it was given sanctuary.

After the debacles of 1965 and 1971 Pakistani army had formulated a policy of ‘depth’, ie Afghanistan will form a safe staging area for its forces in case of problems with india on its eastern front. This meant a pliable government in Afghanistan. However with Taliban having been sent packing and a democratically elected government in Afghanistan in  place Pakistan found itself without its perceived ‘depth’.

Therefore for the past nearly two decades Pakistan has been needling the Taliban to fight and destabilise the Afghan government, which the international community had managed to set up against all odds. Today Taliban controls nearly half of Afghanistan, and USA is planning to withdraw its 8500 troops in Afghanistan. If that happens Approximately 12000 allied troops will also leave. Afgan Security forces are no match today against Taliban which is being backed by Pakistani army. It is only a matter of time before Taliban moves into Kabul as apart of a coalition government or even a complete domination. This is what Pakistan is aiming for. A puppet Taliban regime in Afghanistan.

As mentioned earlier, Pashtuns form the Majority of fighters in the Taliban. Unfortunately for Pashtuns, the Durand Line, an artificial divide, a perfidy perpetrated by the British has separated the ethnic Pashtuns in two, Afghanistan has never accepted the Durand line as the border with Pakistan.

Tehrike Taliban came into the picture in 2007. Pakistani army lost its leverage with TTP when it commenced military actions in NWFP, and therefore allowed USA to target its leaders by use of drones. TTP has been conducting operations against Pakistan army ever since and even civilians.

Today there is the strange dichotomy in the Pakistani army, which, even while giving all out support to Afgan Taliban, is hell bent on destroying TTP ie Pakistani Taliban.

     Will it succeed? Not to forget the basic raw material for Taliban, Afgan or Pakistan are Pashtuns.

Tribal loyalties demand badal for every member of the tribe killed. Can Pakistan really separate or divide the two Taliban overt time and achieve its objects of a puppet Taliban in Afghanistan and completely decimated Pakistani Taliban ie TTP?

Only time will tell.

TERRORISM: Is There A Strategy?

This Post was in reply to a question on Quora written in September 2018. 

“With recently BSF Jawan’s body mutilated by Pak’s Military/Para Military, what should be Indian Govt. strategy wrt. continuous Peace talk invites by Imran Khan?”

Regrettably the recent incident involving the deaths of 40 Jawans of CRPF only goes to confirm the fact that India is yet to evolve a Policy or Mechanisms to contain state sponsored terrorism emanating from Pakistan.


The present situation is just a repeat of a dozen past events in the history of India Pakistan relationship.

First of all it is to be clearly understood as to what is ‘strategy ‘.

Strategy is a projection in long periods , of time, space and resources to achieve selected goals. Grand strategies are deeper and foresee conditions post achievement of goals and subsequent plans for activities and actions, to address the newly developing or developed situations.

Indian strategy insofar as The borders with Pakistan is concerned, should be to ensure its sanctity, by all possibile means from clear demarcation, assessment of forces and their types to be deployed, avail of diplomatic means to defuse awkward situations, contain adverse propaganda, calculations of deterrent forces and methods with abilities to match anything from minor incursions to major acts of aggression and psychological warfare. A great deal of strategic planning will depend upon patterns of past behaviour, present conditions and estimated future developments.

Certain facts are well known to us. Pakistan is a pseudo democracy, with the real power being with its army. Pakistani army dominates all major activities in Pakistan, including formation of governments, economic policies, foreign relations and security. Pakistani army ensures its dominance through its ability to project itself as the sole organisation that has unquestionable integrity (among corrupt politicians and beauracracy) capable of securing the country, It has perfected the art of keeping tensions on Indian and Afghanistan borders permanently live, to ensure that Pakistani populace is constantly in a state of subsurface panic and is willing to accept Pakistani army as a protector of the country.

This state of continuous tension on the borders in east and west is orchestrated through its terrorist ancillaries like JeM and Taliban. It also resorts to direct and open aggression from time to time. Any overtures for peace by civilian government as tried by Nawaz Shaif or Imran Khan is stymied by the army through its terrorist ancillaries. Killings on the LOC are carried out regularly by Pakistani army. *

Pattern is clearEfforts at talks are invariably followed by incursions and atrocities by Pakistani army and its ancillaries, ie terrorist organisations sponsored by Pakisyarmy and isi.Hulla Gulla in Indian media and withdrawal from ‘talks’.

This happens regularly. It could be that that India has NOT put in place a consistent strategy to deal with cross border terrorism.


Work on the predictable pattern to isolate Pakistan in international arena. Modi government appears to have succeeded in isolation of Pakistan to a great extent. America its staunch supporter over six decades is is less flexible than before. Indian equation with Arab states has improved considerably, and their blind support is not available to Pakistan any more.

*Ceasefire violations” by Pakistan along its border with India have increased nine times from 2011 to 2014, according to data tabled in the Rajya Sabha. The ceasefire agreement it refers to was signed 12 years ago.

As many as 1,106 violations were reported in the four-year period; 199 were reported till June 30, 2015.

Pakistani Ceasefire Violations Along India-Pakistan Border (According To India)

Year Ceasefire Violations Ceasefire Violations Along LoC Ceasefire Violations Along International Border

2011. 62 51 11

2012 11. 93 21

2013 341 199 148

2014 583 153 430

2015* 199. NA NA

Source: Rajya Sabha, 12 and 3; *Up to June 30, 2015

Excexerpts from Prakash K Dutta

“Number of terror attacks, ceasefire violations and deaths due to these incidents has been rising since 2015 consistently. The number of ceasefire violations was 152 in 2015, when PM Mod attended his counterpart Sharif’s family function on his way back from Afghanistan visit. It rose to 228 in 2016 and 860 in 2017.

  • There has been a sharp increase in the number of reported terror recruitments by the Pakistan-based terror groups in the Kashmir Valley – 64 in 2015, 87 in 2016 (when Hizbul Mujahideen commander Burhan Wani was killed) and 126 in 2017.
  • An estimated 360 terrorists are active in the Kashmir Valley with more than 200 coming from the local population and the rest from Pakistan.
  • In 2018, there have already been 240 incidents of ceasefire violations. Terror groups like Jaish-e-Mohammad, Lashkar-e-Toiba and Hizbul Mujahideen are said to be more active in the past one and a half year. Several smaller groups have also received considerable support from Pakistan.

The trend suggests that the terror incidents and ceasefire violations have largely remained unaffected by the peace initiatives taken by India. The real factor is Pakistani establishment’s policy towards sponsoring terrorism in the Kashmir Valley.”


Why India Needs Kashmiri Pandits in its Parliament?

This is an article by Shri Rajat Mitra, A psychologist, from his personal experiences. His academic background and experiences accumulated over decades of interactions with scholars, individuals, families, and groups of different ehtnicty who have been subjected to extreme trauma in its various forms from alienation to genocide, makes him a unique observer and a presenter of facts in a simplified manner to the lay persons not well versed in psychological aspects.

Why India Needs Kashmiri Pandits in its Parliament?

My late father in law was very fond of telling me a particular story. It was on why he left Kashmir to come to Delhi and why he stayed back. All fathers have a story they love to tell their children as a legacy and he was no exception.

“I came here to become an officer,” he would proudly say. “Mujhe afsar banne ka bahut showktha. Every Kashmiri pandit boy of my generation wanted to become an officer. We Kashmiri pandits were a very intelligent race and took pride in being intellectuals. The sign of being a good Kashmiri pandit was that he would be able to get a high functioning job. For a long time we considered ourselves above the rulers in status. Kashmiri pandits are Brahmins. We would advise others and our history is full of intellectual achievements. We gave India some of its best bureaucrats.”

He would give the example of numerous Kashmiri pandits who rose to prominence being bureaucrats at the center and held the top posts.

It was after he had told me the story many times that I asked him when their community was so intelligent and ran the administration why couldn’t they foresee their exodus from Kashmir in 1990? Why couldn’t they see the mechanization of the Kashmiri Muslims coming and had to flee hearing the slogans from the mosques either convert or leave or die? He became sad and pensive. I realized I had unknowingly hurt him by asking this question. It was then he told me the second story. This one was even more poignant. It told me why he never went back.

“I had gone for admission for my BSc when I saw this list. On it was written the names of successful candidates. My name was not there nor was of any other Hindu boy. Below the list of the candidates was written: ‘The names of Hindu candidates if found eligible may be declared later.’ We went and told our parents. Then we all went to every official. No one said they could help us. Finally we met the Chief Minister and he finally allowed only a few seats. So we could study. That day I decided I will not stay back in Kashmir.”

“This was a clear case of discrimination. Why didn’t you fight back?”

“We were not a race to fight back,” he replied sadly.

“Why didn’t your community produce great politicians or statesmen but only bureaucrats?” Iasked. “Why not great leaders?”

“Politics was considered a dirty word by Kashmiri pandits,” he answered. “We never saw ourselves getting into politics. We would have plenty of discussions around politics but getting involved in it was not a nice thing to do for a respectable family.”

In olden times, Brahmins saw themselves as advising the King and telling him how to run the kingdom. They never saw themselves as becoming the King. Was that the attitude, the script that predetermined and guided my father is law’s destiny? The one he was talking about? And was it the reason that Kashmiri pandits were never political beings, politically conscious race whocould fight for their identity, their roots?

1990 changed all that. Overnight it not only uprooted the community but dealt a fatal blow to the very identity and pride of the community. From venerated advice givers and intellectuals,suddenly the community became refugees and had to struggle for survival living in tents and camps surrounded by brick kilns. As a sense of shame pervaded them, they saw their civilizational values crushed to the ground and could never understand why the world remained silent. Once a proud community that had given the world some of its finest works of scholastic excellence, now had to find reasons of daily existence.

Through all this, there is one thread that seems to run again and again. It is that the Kashmiri pandits were not a politically conscious people earlier and had stopped being so for a long period of history.

Today, one witnesses a new phenomenon and that is the new Kashmiri pandit who is a changed man. No longer is he scared and petrified of the murderous attack that drove him out. Every race goes through a moment of truth, of metamorphosis and I believe that has come for the Kashmiri pandits of the modern India with the changed leadership at the center. In terms of number theymay be small, but they have an identity that is glorious and like no other. If we don’t listen to that voice, I believe, we are making a serious mistake and a voice that can be of all Indians one day. That voice is spiritual and comes from the land where Hinduism took its roots and grew tobe in its finest glory.

I believe the time has come to change that narrative. Today’s India is different from the India of earlier times, even the India of ten years ago. Todays’ Kashmiri pandit is a changed one, whose collective is rising and who is turning into a political being like never before. It will be a serious loss for us as Indians if we fail to recognize that new consciousness that is emerging.

Thirty years of being out of the homeland has brought him out of the  survivor mode and he is going for his roots, his identity in a way that is both courageous and I believe, will chart a new path. A politically active and conscious Kashmiri pandit is a symbol that India has not lost, that Hinduism hasn’t lost and last but not the least our vision is not lost.

Politics begins where we become conscious of how and why others are trying to exclude us from the mainstream of the national discourse. Today that is the script of India with many Breaking India forces trying to break our country into pieces. A picture of a Kashmiri pandit in the Parliament will tell the world that no one can be excluded and pushed towards oblivion and annihilation in modern India, however small he may be or his identity maybe. He is in the majority of one and that is the soul of India.

Are these the only reasons why we want Kashmiri pandits in politics? As a non- Kashmiri and as an Indian, I believe, there is a deeper reason and that is to do with the civilizational values of India. I believe my country has always given a voice to the survivor, to those who have shown resilience to protect those values and have fought to preserve the ancient traditions and culture that makes India what she is.

A politically active Kashmiri pandit leadership will tell the world about not only the resilience of Bharat Varsha and her glory but also give a message to what she stands for. I hope our political parties are listening.

A small step has been taken in this direction that promises to take the community on a path of self assertion and identity. If we nurture it today, it will grow into a giant tree which will one day provide support and sustenance that the land of Kashmir once did to the rest of India. This is what we, from the rest of India, owe to the land of Kashmir.

The voice of Kashmir rose from the very heart of Srinagar and reverberated across India. It was the voice of sanity, of the highest levels that Indian civilization had reached. The seat of Shankaracharya temple, the oldest temple there, still resonates with bells that had reached the farthest corners of India once.

When someone from this city gets up to speak in India’s Parliament, it may not only be said to rise from the very place where the soul of the Indian civilization once stood but will give the world a message of unity for all Indians that will resonate for generations. The Kashmiri pandit,may not have a large flock behind him today but he is someone who more than what anyone else can tell the world about the rights of India over Kashmir and why it is an inalienable part of India.

Rajat Mitra