When Will China Stop Supporting Pakistan

Ed

Ramakrishnan C M
Ramakrishnan C M, Colonel, Indian Army, retd, BSc, PGDM, MA(Political Science)

 

       China’s relationship with Pakistan has provided it with good dividends over decades and there is no reason at present that China should let go of its South western neighbour.

      Sergey Lavrov’s ‘Post – West world order’ is In its early nascent state, with China as the major player in Asia; with Eurasia and maybe the world to follow. China has had decisive leadership over the last three decades, and has honed its abilities to grab strategic opportunities to consolidate its position economically and militarily. China’s relationship with Pakistan should be viewed with its geography, trade and hegemonic ambitions in mind.

    China’s relationship with Pakistan has provided it with good dividends over decades and there is no reason at present that China should let go of its Southwestern neighbour.

Some of the major advantages of China’s support of Pakistan are:

CPEC Route Gwadar: #

CPEC Route Gwadar: The difference between CPEC Eastern route and CPEC Western Route

#(CPEC Bulletin)

  1. Chinese access to the blue waters of the Arabian Sea, from the Port of Gawdar in Baluchistan will enable domination of the Arabian Sea with its expanding spread of naval bases. Port of Gawdor will enable transhipment and passage of crude oil and petroleum products utilising the CPEC highways under construction. This will eliminate the Malacca funnels and choke points on the shipping routes from Middle East to Eastern shores of China. (Expected to save upto 10 days in transit time)

2. China is investing heavily in the CPEC, estimates varying from  42 billions to 62 billions. This will enable Chinese infrastructure behemoths to move to Pakistan and set up manufacturing plants and move finished products to and from Pakistan. If Pakistan can manage the inputs  judiciously, it can benefit greatly from CPEC.

3. “So far, China insists that CPEC has purely economic aims, while Pakistanis continue to assume it is a strategic project that would enhance the country’s security.”*

4.Minerals of Baluchistan are an additional attraction for The Chinese.

5. Afghanistan is an area where the Chinese are keen to move in, Afghanistan has an abundance  of mineral wealth also. However even though Chinese may not be comfortable with the Taliban, they expect that with Pakistan on its side Taliban will be pliable, after all Pakistan has been fully supportive of Afgan Taliban in its attempt to overthrow the lawfully elected Afgan government.

6. China’s efforts to silence the Muslim Uygurs, by various means including concentration camps and ‘education ‘ has been condemned universally by all countries except Pakistan. China expects that Pakistan will not take up the issues of Muslims in China and keep control of its homegrown terrorist organisations like, JeM, etc.

7. China is only too happy that Indian security forces are kept busy by Pakistan on its western borders. Pakistan gets its military equipment almost free from USA, as also billions in aid. India has to pay for every single  item of defence purchase. India’s resources are limited and instead of infrastructure and welfare projects, India is compelled to divert scarce resources to defence equipment. Under these circumstances India will be at least 20 years behind China in every aspect, economic or military.

The above are some of the issues that will continue to consolidate Chinese Pakistani relationship. So there is no reason for China to stop supporting Pakistan.

Wikipedia

  • Anhui Construction Engineering Group.
  • Anhui Foreign Economic Construction Group.
  • Beijing Construction Engineering Group.
  • CDIG.
  • CEIEC.
  • CGCOC Group.
  • Chalieco.
  • China Communications Construction (China Harbour Engineering, China Road and Bridge Corporation, Zhenhua)
  • * Reimagining Pakistan by Hussain Haqqani

**China, the largest trade partner of Pakistan, has further increased its exports to $11.458bn; an increase of $1.381bn compared to FY17. However, exports to China increased by just $120 million to $1.744bn, creating a trade gap of $9.7bn which accounts for over 30 per cent of the overall trade deficit of the country. (Dawn.com)

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